Category : How-To

Showing posts with label How-To. Show all posts
Showing posts with label How-To. Show all posts

WinSetupFromUSB - The Simplest Way to Install Windows XP From USB Flash Drive

Windows XP installation process is a little bit different than Windows 7 or Windows 8 because Microsoft doesn't design Windows XP to be installed using a USB flash drive. You can install Windows 7 or 8 onto your computer directly from the USB flash drive because Microsoft creates a tool called Windows 7 USB/DVD Download tool and if you want a simpler program you can use WinToBootic to create a bootable Windows 7/8 installer flash drive. But there is no official application from Microsoft to create a bootable Windows XP USB flash drive installer.

If you want to install Windows XP from a USB flash drive, there are some third party applications available, like WinToFlash or Komku USB, these applications will surely be able to create a bootable USB flash drive, but Komku USB is too complicated and WinToFlash will ask you to install an add-on into your browser (some kind of adware - please read the FAQ). When you are too lazy to follow Komku USB or WinToFlash guide, WinSetupFromUSB can come to the rescue.

How to Fix Crackling & Popping Sound Problem on Your PC

I use my laptop everyday for blogging and everything is great, but there is a small problem after I used it for a while. When I watch movies or listen to music, the sound somehow distorted by crackling or popping sound. This is certainly very annoying.

This sound problem is gone after I restarted the laptop, but after some time, the crackling sound is back again. I have tried everything from updating the Realtek sound card driver, using extra computer speakers, to using an external USB sound card and still no luck. After discussing it with my friends, I found some methods to fix this problem. The following are some methods that can be used to eliminate the crackling sound problem on your computer:

Method 1 - Disable All Sound Enhancement
In some cases, this method successfully overcome the crackling sound problem.

Step 1:
Right click on the speaker icon on system tray > Select Playback devices

Sound menu tray

Lock Your Laptop's USB Ports With Ratool (Removable Access Tool)

Here, I am not going to discuss how to lock your computer with a USB flash drive, but I am going to show you how to manage access to USB ports to prevent important or secret data loss due to the unauthorized use of USB ports.

Many of us have important files stored on a computer or laptop and sometimes there is a confidential file that should not be copied by others. When you're not in front of your laptop, there is always the chance that someone using your laptop without asking your permission, plugging in USB flash drive, and then copying any private or confidential data. Yes, you can lock your computer if you need to go do something else and prevent data theft. But imagine what if your friend wants to borrow your laptop or computer and they said it's just to check their email. Of course you can't lock the laptop, because if the laptop is locked, your friend won't be able to use it. In this situation your risk of data theft is increased tremendously. That's why you need something like Ratool (Removable Access Tool) to prevent someone from copying data to USB flash drive.
Removable Access tool is a very simple-to-use portable freeware Application it helps an individual or a system administrator control USB storage devices. You can protect your confidential data from being copied by others. Ratool can disable USB storage access or enable write protection on all USB Flash drives thus prevent data from being modified or deleted. Sordum

How to Make Any Application Window Always On Top

Everyday, multiple applications running on your computer at the same time. But sometimes we need an application window to stay on top of all other windows so we can still see and access it with ease. Not all computer programs have "always on top" feature, even this is not a feature that is built into Windows 7 and 8.

But do not worry, there is a third party tool that is able to make any application windows stay on top. This small tool is called "Window On Top". We had tested some other programs and this tool is the simplest and most stable. This little program is a standalone application, so you don't need to install it. Simply double click it, and you are ready to use it.

WiNToBootic - The Simplest Way To Install Windows 7 & 8 From USB Flash Drive

Previously I wrote about how to install Windows 7 and Windows 8 from USB using a tool from Microsoft called "Windows 7 USB/DVD Download Tool", it's simple and easy to use, but you have to use an ISO file to create a bootable flash drive. Actually there is another tool to create a bootable flash drive called WiNToBootic.

With WiNToBootic you can create a bootable flash drive in the simplest way ever, because all you need to do is download this free small software then extracts it and you are ready to go. Even you don't need to install it because WiNTBootic is a standalone program.
WiNToBootic is a freeware that allows you an easy creation of bootable Windows USB hard or flash disk from an ISO image, CD/DVD or Folder. This product is focused on creation of boot disks based on Microsoft Windows NT 6.x OS family (Vista, 7, 8, Server 2008, Server 2012). WiNToBootic
WiNToBootic has more features than any other USB boot making software, such as NTFS Support, Windows 7/8 Bootloader, Burn from ISO 9660 (Joliet) and ISO 13346 (UDF), Burn from DVD or Folder, and Boot support for Windows PE2/PE3/PE4. And this is how you use this software to create Windows 7 or Windows 8 bootable USB flash drive:

How to Create ISO File - Free ISO Creator Software

ISO files are very popular, especially for the distribution of CD/DVD on the internet, even Microsoft provide DVDs of Windows 7 and Windows 8 in the form of an ISO file which can be downloaded directly from the Microsoft website, then you can burn it to a DVD or USB Flash Drive.

Why ISO file? 
If you want to backup a bootable CD or DVD to the HDD, you must create an ISO file. An ISO image file is an exact replica of a CD or DVD, and of course you can re-copy (burn) it to a CD or DVD, and generate an exactly same DVD and it will still bootable. Backup data from CD/DVD in the form of an ISO file is easier to manage and you can also open or extract the ISO file using Winrar or 7zip.

How to create an ISO file? 
Here is how to create an ISO file using the smallest and easiest software available on the internet, and most importantly, this little software is free:

How To Install Windows 7 & Windows 8 From USB Flash Drive

There are not many people who still use CDs or DVDs for data exchange. Even the OS installation process that used to use CD or DVD, is now using a flash drive. Microsoft also provides a special application to automatically transfer files from an ISO file onto a flash drive and make the flash drive boot-able. This application is called Windows 7 USB/DVD Download Tool.

This app has a simple interface that makes it easy for anyone to install Windows 7 or Windows 8 from a USB flash drive. Bootable flash drive / pendrive created by Windows 7 USB/DVD Download Tool allows you to install Windows 7 & 8 directly from USB flash drive without having to first run an existing Windows on your computer. You just need to change the boot order in your computer's BIOS and then boot directly from USB flash drive. The following are the steps to create a Windows 7 or Windows 8 bootable flash drive:

Step 1:
Download Windows 7 USB/DVD Download Tool here (Download) and then install it.
Note: For Windows XP users, Microsoft .NET Framework 2.0 and Microsoft Image Mastering API v2 must be installed.

Step 2:
Open the application, click Browse and then select Windows 7 or Windows 8 ISO file.

Windows 7 USB-DVD Download Tool.

How to Install Windows XP from USB Flash Drive - WinToFlash Guide

Many people want to install XP on their computer, either as a primary or secondary OS with a dual boot system. The problem is that if your computer is not equipped with a DVD/CDROM, you have to use USB flash drive to install Windows XP.

Unlike the Windows 7 or Windows 8, Microsoft does not provide special tools to copy Windows XP setup files to USB flash drive / pendrive. However, there is a free app called WinToFlash that could copy XP setup files and create a bootable USB flash drive. After you do this, you can install Windows XP onto your computer directly from the USB flash drive. Here is a complete step by step guide to install Windows XP from a USB flash drive using the latest version of WinToFlash:

UPDATE July 24 2013: WinSetupFromUSB, The Simplest Way to Install Windows XP From USB Flash Drive

Step 1:
Download WinToFlash here:

Download WinToFlash

Step 2:
Open WinToFlash.exe, if this is the first time you open WinToFlash, "First time wizard" window will appear, Click Next, Next... and it will come to the question "Do you have a license file?". If you want to help the developer of this application click "Activate License Key now" or just click Exit if you want to use this application for free.

WinToFlash First start wizard

Step 3: 
Click big button with a check mark on it to start the Windows Setup Transfer Wizard

WinToFlash Windows Setup Transfer Wizard

How to Bypass (Reset) Administrator Password Windows 7 using Disk or USB Flash Drive

I get many questions from my friends about how to bypass or reset administrator password in Windows 7. Because sometimes busy day makes you forget a few things such as your windows login password.

What to do if you forget your password? And the "password hint" is not helping your brain to remember the password ... You have to reset your Windows password.

Resetting windows 7 password is not as difficult as imagined. All you really need is just a Windows 7 DVD or Bootable USB Flash Drive / Pendrive and then follow the steps below:

Step 1:
Insert Windows 7 DVD or USB Flash Drive, and boot from it > click Next

windows 7 boot - click next

Step 2:
Click Repair your computer

select repair your computer

Step 3:
Select "Use recovery tools that can help fix problems starting Windows. Select an operating system to repair." > and then click Next

system recovery options

Step 4:
Click "Command Prompt" to open a command prompt window

select command prompt

Step 5:
Type this  
copy c:\windows\system32\sethc.exe c:\
and hit Enter

cmd sethc.exe

How to Change Internet Explorer 10-11 Default Search Engine in Windows 8

Everyone has their own favorite search engine and every browser also has its own default search engine. You can change the default search engine in the browser. In Firefox you can change the search engine with ease, but in Internet Explorer 10 (windows 8) it is not as easy as in Firefox.

There are several steps that must be done to change the default search engine, not as simple as in Firefox so that many IE users are wondering how to change the default search engine. The following are steps that should be taken to change the default search engine in Internet Explorer 10 (Windows 8):

Open internet Explorer > Click gear icon > Select Manage Add-ons

ie manage add-ons

Click Search Providers > Find more search providers

find more search providers

How to Automatically Clear History and Private Data When You Close Your Browser

Sometimes, for some reason you wish that other people do not know the history of your browser. You can set up your browser to automatically clear your history when you close the browser window.

Actually there are "private mode" in Firefox and "Incognito" in Chrome, the feature that makes the browser does not save any history after you close the browser, but we cannot control what kind of history you want to delete. Do not worry, Here is how to make the browser automatically delete the history on some of the famous browsers, but still we can customize what kind of history you want to delete:


Click Firefox > Options

firefox - options

Click Privacy > then select "Use custom settings for history"

firefox - custom settings for history

Enable "Clear history when Firefox closes" > and then click Settings...

Clear history when Firefox closes

Select the types of history and data to be automatically deleted > then click OK

Select the types of history and data

How to Read Chat Message on Facebook Without Being Detected

Facebook has a feature in the form of notification that informs our chat friends that we've seen the message he sent (seen ...). Previously, before this feature appears you can easily choose not to reply Facebook chat messages pretending that you do not see chat messages sent.

But since Facebook activated this feature, you can not ignore chat messages on Facebook for your chat friends will know that you've seen messages he sent. On Facebook there is no setting that can disable this feature, but now there is an add-on application for browser which can turn off this feature, here are the steps... Open this website, click the green button labeled "get chat undetected". Chat Undetected lets you disable Facebook Messenger's read receipt feature, preventing others from seeing if you have viewed a message or not. If your browser is Firefox, then the form of this application is a Firefox add-on, you can install it directly.

Facebook unseen

Facebook chat undetected

If you use chrome, after you click on the green button, chrome will download a small exe file. Close chrome and then install the application. Once the add-on is installed, chat friends can not recognize whether we've seen the messages he sent or not.

Facebook chat undetected

Facebook chat undetected

How do I uninstall?
If you want to uninstall or to disable the add-on for a while, you can just go to the add-on browser setting then select disable or uninstall. I am sure this add-on can help you maintain your privacy when dealing with chatting on Facebook.

Facebook chat undetected

How to Install CHDK on Canon Digital Camera - Step by Step Guide

Canon "point and shoot" digital camera (pocket camera) has a lot of automatic settings and make things really easy, just point it to an object and click the shoot button and you're done. But if you want to explore more manual settings and use all hidden features on your Canon digital camera, you can use CHDK.

What is CHDK?, CHDK (Canon Hack Development Kits) is add-on software for your Canon camera. CHDK enhances the capabilities of your camera in a non-permanent way... In this tutorial we won't install CHDK on the camera itself but on the SD card or the memory card, and then make the SD card as first boot when we turn on the camera. So don't worry, CHDK won't screw up your original Canon camera firmware.

Canon camera CHDK

CHDK Features

After installing CHDK you can shoot in RAW, Ultra long/fast shutter speed, Focus bracketing (unlimited shots), Zoom during video function, File Browser, Text Reader, Calendar, and you get some games...

How to Install CHDK?

- Canon PowerShot or IXUS Digital Camera
- SD Card/Memory card
- Card Reader

Step 1:
We need to know the firmware version of the camera...
Turn on your camera, shoot an object, then copy the image (JPG) to your computer.
Download CameraVersion-SFX application here, extract it, then open/double click on CameraVersion11.exe

UPDATE: CameraVersion13-sfx.exe (3,15MB)


Step 2:
Click Browse > select any JPG taken with your camera > click Open


Browse a photo

Step 3:
Remember your camera type and the firmware version....
In this guide I use my IXUS 90 IS (also known as PowerShot SD790)
And you can see the firmware version is 1.00D

Camera Firmaware Version

Step 4:
Open this web page then download the correct CHDK for your camera....
Remember, do not extract the downloaded zip file...

CHDK Files
Step 5:
Insert SD card (4GB recommended) into your card reader... Make sure the lock slider is in the un-locked position like shown on the picture below..

Canon SD Card unlocked
Step 6:
Now download CardTricks v144 from or and then extract it....
Open/double click on CardTricks144.exe

CardTricks Application
Step 7:
Click on SD Card icon.....

And then select Canon SD Card and click OK.....

Browse Folder
Step 8:
Click "Format as FAT" button. If your card is bigger than 4GB, please read UPDATE 1 at the bottom of this post.

Step 9:
Formatting will DESTROY ALL DATA on card H:\
Are you sure you want to continue ?

Click OK

CardTricks Window
Step 10:
Click "Make Bootable"
It will make your camera able to boot from the SD card

Card is now bootable in Canon cams. Do not forget to set Write Protect on the card (slide tab up, away from the electric connectors) to take advantage of this feature.

Click OK

CardTricks Window
Step 11:
Click CHDK->Card
And then locate the downloaded CHDK zip file (from step 4) and click OK

CardTricks Window

CardTricks Window

Step 12:

Please wait when CardTricks installing the CHDK....


When message above disappear you're done... CHDK installed....
Click exit (or press Esc)

CardTricks Window
Step 13:
Pull out the SD card from the computer....
Now lock the card... don't worry, image will still be saved to the locked card...

SD Memory Card Locked
Step 14:
Insert SD card to the camera then turn the camera on...

CHDK installed

To go to CHDK menu press print button on the camera, you will see <ALT> on the screen, and then press menu button....

Press print and menu button

CHDK on Canon Camera

CHDK menu

You can configure the extra camera settings from here...
Press Menu button then press print button to exit from CHDK menu.....

HDR image example created by using CHDK....

HDR Photo example

HDR photo

Step-by-step tutorial how to create HDR image available soon....

please visit to explore more information about CHDK
thanks to all CHDK developers


How to disable CHDK on my camera?
Remove the SD card from the camera, unlock the card, insert the SD Card to the camera, turn on your camera... you will see CHDK is not loaded...

How to enable CHDK again?
Remove the SD card from the camera, lock the card, insert the SD Card to the camera, turn on your camera... you will see CHDK is loaded...

My card is bigger than 4GB?

If you have a SDHC card that is bigger than 4Gb you have to create two partitions on the card. This can now be done entirely on the camera thanks to Thorwak's great modification and guide. Here is how to do it, more or less copied from his guide: 
  1. Low level format card in camera. The card now contains one FAT32 partition. 
  2. Unpack the small build of CHDK directly to the card using PC. 
  3. Start CHDK manually (Firmware update). 
  4. Enter the CHDK menu, and select Miscellaneous stuff -> Debug Parameters -> Create card with two partitions. CHDK now creates the boot partition as before, but also formats it using FAT12 and marks the partition bootable. (not available on all ports) 
  5. Put the card back in PC. If necessary, format the newly created 2MB partition. Re-unpack small CHDK to this partition. 
  6. Write protect the card (there is usually a switch on the side of the card; move it to the locked position). 
  7. The camera should now boot off of the card. 
  8. Enter the CHDK menu, and select Miscellaneous stuff -> Swap partitions
  9. Unlock the card, and put it back in the PC. Now format the large partition, and unpack full CHDK onto it. 
  10. Lock the card and put it back in the camera. 
  11. Start CHDK manually (Firmware update) one more time, and select Miscellaneous stuff -> Swap partitions. Congratulations, now your camera should boot from CHDK automatically! 
Caveats: Windows does not seem to be able to access both partitions at once. See the note below about using Linux to fix that. Otherwise you will have to run Swap partitions before you take the card out of the camera so windows can access your photos, then repeat the last step after you put the card back in to make it boot CHDK automatically. To me, this is much better than having to start CHDK manually every time you turn on the camera!  -

Reset HP Mini BIOS Password? - HP Mini 1000 Disassembled Photos

My friend tried to reset BIOS password in his HP Mini 1000 notebook yesterday. So he disassembles his notebook. He thinks he can reset CMOS and reset BIOS password by removing the CMOS battery. But on HP Mini 1000 this is useless. Removing CMOS battery will not reset the BIOS password. Even you can turn on HP mini 1000 without cmos battery installed. Weird huh?

After taking a few photos, I try to enter a password 12345 when BIOS prompt me to enter a password. Lucky me.. The password is correct! So.. It's better if you try common password like 1234, 12345, abcde, etc. Before dissecting your laptop. Here are some HP Mini 1000 photos:

HP Mini 1000 - 1
HP Mini 1000 - 2

HP Mini 1000 - 3The HP Mini 1000 (Click on image to enlarge)

HP Mini CMOS BatteryCMOS Battery (Click on image to enlarge)

HP Mini without BIOS (CMOS) BatteryHP Mini without BIOS (CMOS) Battery (Click on image to enlarge)

HP mini mainboard
HP Mini Mainboard, Processor, Modem, Wifi, etcHP Mini Mainboard, Processor, Modem, Wifi, etc. (Click on image to enlarge)


HP Mini 1000 batteryHP Mini 1000 battery