Category : How-To

Showing posts with label How-To. Show all posts
Showing posts with label How-To. Show all posts

How to Install Windows XP - Part 1 - Step-by-Step Guide

Buy a Laptop without an OS (Operating System) pre-installed, it will make you save money and not have to pay extra to have the OS installed -  if you are already having a windows XP CD. But now the problem is how to install windows XP? How to create a partition? How to format the hard disk? Please follow these steps:
Step 1:
Turn on your brand new laptop/notebook and then go to BIOS
(When your computer is booting up, look for
"press [key] to enter setup" then press that key. The common keys are Del, F2, Esc, F1. F6)

Step 2:
Look for a setting that says Boot Order, Boot Management, Boot Sequence, or First Boot Device.
Change the boot order CD-ROM or DVD-RW Drive as first boot device > insert Windows XP CD > and then press
F10 to save and exit. Your computer will restart.

 Phoenix BIOS


Press any key to boot from CD...

Press any key to boot from CD


Press F6 if you need to install a third party SCSI or RAID driver.

If your laptop has SATA AHCI/RAID configuration you need to install third party driver to make Windows XP able to detect the Hard disk, but you will need a floppy disk with the sata/scsi/raid driver or you may try to slipstreaming sata ahci/scsi/raid driver using nlite or simply change sata mode from BIOS to IDE mode
For now let's skip this part and do not press F6.

Press F6 if you need to install a third party SCSI or RAID driver
Step 5:
Setup will ask to press F2 to run Automated System Recovery (ASR),
Do not press F2...

Setup will ask to press F2 to run Automated System Recovery (ASR)


Please wait...
Setup will load all necessary files...


Welcome to Setup This portion of the Setup program prepares Microsoft (R) Windows (R) XP to run on your computer.

  • To set up Windows XP now, press ENTER.
  • To repair a Windows XP installation using Recovery Console, press R.
  • To quit Setup without installing Windows XP, press F3.
Press ENTER ...

Windows XP Setup


The following list shows the existing partitions and unpartitioned space on this computer Use the UP and DOWN ARROW keys to select an item in the list.

  • To set Windows XP on the selected item, press ENTER.
  • To create a partition in the unpartitioned space, press C.
  • To delete the selected partition, press D.
Because the hard disk / hard drive is unpartitioned, we will create partitions first.
Press C to create a partition.

Windows XP Setup - Create partition


You asked Setup to create a new partition on 81918 MB Disk 0 at Id 0 on bus 0 on atapi [MBR].

  • To create the new partition, enter a size below and press enter.
  • To go back to the previous screen without creating the partition, press ESC.
The minimum size for the new partition is 8 megabytes (MB). The maximum size for the new partition is 81910 megabytes (MB). Create partition of size (in MB): 81910

81918 ???? What is this?
My hard disk size : 80 GB = ~ 81918 MB
it may different with your hard disk size...

Change 81910 to 20000 to create 20 GB drive C:
And then press ENTER

Windows XP Setup - create partition of size

Windows XP Setup


Select "unpartitioned space" using arrow key, then press C

Windows XP Setup - Select unpartitioned drive

Step 11:
Change the value to 20000 to create 20 GB drive D:

And then press ENTER


Select "Unpartitioned space" again and then press C


We will create drive E, to use all available space, do not change anything
And then press ENTER


The partitions created successfully...
Now select drive C and please continue to part 2

WinToFlash Guide - Install Windows XP from USB Flash drive

Anonymous in this post (Install Windows XP using USB Flash Disk/ Flash Drive - Step by Step Guide) wrote a comment about WinToFlash...

Thank God, finally someone made a good application to make us easier to install Windows from a USB Flash Drive, Pen drive, Flash disk, etc... With WinToFlash you can install Windows XP/2003/Vista/2008/7 from USB Flash Drive easily.

WinToFlash Step by step Guide Install Windows XP from USB Flash drive:

Update to this article (March 15 2013) is available on this page:

-USB Flash disk/Flash drive/Pen drive/Thumb drive, etc.
-Computer with CD/DVD drive to build this Windows XP setup Flashdisk (or you may use computer without CD/DVD drive, but you have to copy Windows XP setup files from another computer to your hard disk)
-Computer with or without CD/DVD drive (e.g. Aspire One)

Flash drive windows XP

Step 1:
Download WinToFlash here
From the Author: This software may contain bugs (spelling too).

So if you find any spelling error please write a comment and correct it or send an email to Don't forget to write your WinToFlash version.

How to Edit Boot.ini on Windows XP

Anonymous said...
First, thanks to you.
It works fine for me, installed successfully. However, now every time I turn on my computer, it has two options to select in order to continue:
1. Start with window xp
2. USB repair ....

How can I get rid of that, so every time I turn on the computer I don't have to press enter.

(Install XP from USB Flash Disk)

After installing Windows XP using a USB flash drive (Komku-SP-USB) in some cases this message will appear when you turn on your computer:

Select the operating system to start
Please follow these steps to get rid of those messages:

Step 1:
Open Command Prompt.... Start > Run.. > type cmd > press Enter

Step 2:
Type cd\ and press Enter

Step 3:
Type start notepad.exe boot.ini and press Enter

Step 4:
A notepad window will appear, and then change timeout=30 to timeout=0


Step 5:
Save it, now you can close notepad, restart your computer.

Save the boot.ini changes Yes.. It's just that simple...
So, what's the difference between editing boot.ini using notepad and msconfig utility ?
On msconfig, it is impossible to set the timeout to 0.

Install Windows XP using USB Flash Disk/ Flash Drive - Step by Step Guide

Someone asks me to write a tutorial about how to install Windows XP using USB flash disk/flash drive.
If you want to install Windows XP, but your notebook (or PC) has no CDROM, you should install Windows XP using USB Flash disk/Flash Drive/Thumb drive...
Just follow this guide :

UPDATE: You can use WinToFlash, it's simpler and easier:

UPDATE July 24 2013: WinSetupFromUSB, The Simplest Way to Install Windows XP From USB Flash Drive

Step 1:
Buy a USB Flash Drive (at least 1GB).
When you do this tutorial, please make sure your computer/laptop/PC has a CD-ROM (or DVD). You need computer with CD-ROM in it to build bootable USB flash drive and then you can install XP on any other computers (netbooks) with no CD-ROM / DVD (e.g. Acer Aspire One, Asus EEE-PC, etc.)

Step 2:
Download this software package (Komku-SP-USB.exe - Download) 1.47MB
Anonymous said…
Your download at mediafire keeps timing out, any other hosts available?
Mirror Depositfiles

Download Komku USB

This software pack contains 3 applications :

-BootSect.exe (Boot Sector Manipulation Tool)
-PeToUSB (http://GoCoding.Com)
-usb_prep8 (Prepares Windows XP Setup LocalSource for Copy to USB-Drive)

How to Fix Dead Pixel on Your Laptop Screen or LCD Monitor

The most important thing you should do before buying a new laptop/LCD Monitor is to check whether there is a defective pixel in the LCD screen. There are two types of defective pixels, "dead pixels" and "stuck pixels".

When a pixel never shows light, it's called dead pixel, but if that pixel always shows light (red, green, or blue) when your laptop is active, it's called stuck pixel.

Yesterday I found a dead pixel on my Acer laptop. I want to replace the laptop's LCD screen, but Acer Limited Warranty says :
Minor defects of LCD displays occurring in Products equipped with LCD display technology, provided that there shall not be more than four (4) defective pixels per million pixels on a given LCD display, and provided further that, if the display panel is divided into nine (9) equal rectangular areas, there shall be one defective pixel in the central area of the display. Acer
So it's not covered by the limited warranty and I decided try to fix it by myself. There are several methods to fix dead/stuck pixels, but first you should know where the location of the defective pixels. You can use Dead Pixel Buddy (Download) or UDPixel (Download) to find the defective pixels on your LCD screen.

Dead Pixel Buddy Dead Pixel Buddy

Pixel Fixing Software Method
This method has been reported to work many times (for stuck pixels)

Step 1:
Open UDPixel > Flash windows: 1 > Flash size: 5x5 > Flash interval: 25ms > click Start
If you found more than one defective pixel, change the Flash windows value to 2
Set Flash interval to 5ms if your LCD monitor has 5ms refresh rate

UndeadPixel 2.2
Step 2:
Drag the blinking dot, and then wait for a few hours. Alternative tools to do this method:

blinking dots

Pressure Method
First, locate the defective pixels and then you can use your finger to apply a gentle pressure/massage on the LCD screen, you don't need to turn off the monitor. Do not use your nail and make sure your nail is not sharp or it will accidentally scratch the screen surface. This method worked for me on my LCD monitor (dead pixels). 

Another pressure method:
  1. Turn off your computer's monitor.
  2. Get yourself a damp washcloth, so that you don't scratch your screen.
  3. Take a household pen, pencil, screwdriver, or some other sort of instrument with a focused, but relatively dull, point. A very good tool would be a PDA stylus. (You can use your finger)
  4. Fold the washcloth to make sure you don't accidentally puncture it and scratch the screen.
  5. Apply pressure through the folded washcloth with the instrument to exactly where the stuck pixel is. Try not to put pressure anywhere else, as this may make more stuck pixels.
  6. While applying pressure, turn on your computer and screen.
  7. Remove pressure and the stuck pixel should be gone. This works as the liquid in the liquid crystal has not spread into each little pixel. This liquid is used with the backlight on your monitor, allowing different amounts of light through, which creates the different colors.
For more information about this method, go to WikiHow
Good luck ...

How to Update Acer BIOS

My notebook (Acer Aspire 4710) has problems with shutdown and restart process. When I uninstalled Crystal Eye driver from device manager, shutdown problem was solved and I can shutdown my Acer notebook smoothly. But my notebook still has restart problem, it's always failed.

When I open eSettings Management from Empowering Technology, I see that my BIOS version is v1.02. Acer website says that BIOS update is available for my Aspire 4710, so I believe this problem are caused by the outdated BIOS on my laptop. I decided to update the BIOS firmware. Follow these steps to update Acer BIOS:

BIOS v1.02
Step 1:
Download BIOS update then extracts it...
Caution! Different Laptop series = Different BIOS
Click this link to download the compatible BIOS firmware for your laptop.

update BIOS availableStep 2:
To update the BIOS, double click on VLV-110.exe, WFlash will show a warning :

"The current BIOS will be replaced by another one. Choosing the wrong BIOS file may render your system inoperable. Please close all other applications before updating the BIOS. Are you sure you want to update the BIOS ?"

BIOS WFlash files
Click OK to continue.

Update BIOS step 1
WFlash will automatically update the BIOS. Wait until it finish and your computer will restart automatically.

Update BIOS step 2
Finally my BIOS is v1.10 and I can shutdown and restart my notebook smoothly...

BIOS v1.10
From Acer 
: Flashing the wrong BIOS can cause harm to the system. Acer recommends that you should only upgrade your firmware/drivers if you have been instructed to do so by an Acer Customer Care representative. By using these firmware/drivers you agree to accept the possibility of product failure. Use at your own risk

Integrate SATA Driver into Windows XP Installation CD using nLite

This tutorial shows you how to integrate driver (SATA AHCI) into Windows XP Installation CD. According to comments on this post (Install Windows XP on Acer Aspire 4710) I think I need to write a more detailed tutorial :)

I change the images to lower quality for faster page load
Please remember...
Different chipset => different AHCI driver

If you try to install Windows XP on a newer laptop, sometimes Windows XP failed to detect the hard drive, especially if your laptop using SATA AHCI mode. That's why you need to slipstream your SATA AHCI drivers into a Windows XP installation CD using nLite.

You can get the AHCI driver from Intel Chipset driver, search and download the zip version of the driver here:

1. Insert your original Windows XP Installation Disc and then copy all files into a folder on your local HDD.
2. Download nLite here ...

3. Install nLite and open it.

Click "Next"

4. Locate Windows XP installation files on your local disk.

Click "Browse"

Browse For FolderLarger image
Click "OK"

Click nextLarger image
Click "Next"

5. Just click Next

6. Select tasks like on picture

Click "Next"

7. Click insert > select "Single driver" > locate the driver and click "Open"

8. Select driver like on the picture and click "OK"

Angela said... (read her comment)
The tutorial for creating the new WINXP CD was great! The driver suggested in the screenshots did not work for my computer the first time, so I made another CD with all of the Mobile drivers and it worked perfectly! Maybe you could update the screenshot? Just a minor suggestion. :) Thanks Angela 

As Angela said.... You can select all of the Mobile drivers or all drivers (I have tested it), press and hold Shift then use your mouse to select all drivers.

9. nLite window will look like this... Just click "Next"

10. Do you want to start the process? Click "Yes"

11. When process finished, click "Next"

12. If your CD-RW/DVD-RW is empty, insert blank CD, do not use DVD and click refresh button.

13. After you click refresh button, select "Direct Burn", select the lowest burn speed, and click "Burn". Don't forget to check "Verifiy" (optional)

Larger image
Click "Yes"

14. Please wait ... ;)


15. When burn and verifiy process completed, click "Next"


16. Enjoy your new Windows Installation CD with built in Driver for SATA AHCI :)

nLite Finishedlarger image
click "Finish"

Need any help? please write a comment :)