Category : How-To

Showing posts with label How-To. Show all posts
Showing posts with label How-To. Show all posts

How to Install Windows 7 from USB Flash Drive (WinToFlash)

The steps below explain to you how to Install Windows 7 from USB Flash drive or some of you called it Flash disk or Thumb drive or Pen drive using WinToFlash :

UPDATE (March 20 2013) We recommend you to use Windows 7 USB/DVD Download Tool, it's better and simpler: http://www.komku.org/2013/03/how-to-install-windows-7-windows-8-from-usb-flash-drive.html

UPDATE (May 17 2013) WiNToBootic - The Simplest Way To Install Windows 7 & 8 From USB Flash Drive: http://www.komku.org/2013/04/wintobootic-simplest-way-to-install-windows-7-and-8-from-usb.html

Step 1:
Insert your Windows 7 DVD and plug in your USB flash drive.
Download newest version of WinToFlash from this link : http://wintoflash.com/download/en/
And then open WinToFlash.exe

Wintoflash.exeStep 2:
This program will transfer Windows setup from optical to USB drive Recommended to switch on Wizard mode for users have no experience of Windows setup fine tuning
Click on green check mark.

WintoflashLarger image

Step 3:
This program will help you to install Windows from a USB drive Click Next button.

WintoflashLarger image

Step 4:
Specify the location of windows setup files and USB drive, Please be careful, don't make any mistake.
On my computer, Windows file path: G:\ and USB drive: H:\. It might be different to yours, and then click Next


Wintoflash windowLarger image

Step 5:
Select: "I Accepted the terms of the license agreement"
Click Continue

Step 6:
Warning! Formatting will erase ALL DATA on the target disk. To format press OK, to quit press Cancel. Click OK

Larger image

Step 7:
Please wait while WinToFlash transferring Windows setup to the USB drive


Larger image

Step 8:
Click Next


Step 9:
Done. Click Exit
Now you can install Windows 7 on any computer from USB Flash drive.
How? Please read Step 10

Larger image

Step 10:
Plug in your USB flash drive, and then turn on your computer (laptop) > press F2 key rapidly during the post to get the BIOS menu > change Boot priority order: USB flash drive as first boot option > press F10 key to save the configuration and exit. Your computer will reboot.


Step 11:
Install Windows 7 as usual :)

Install Windows 7 from USB flash drive

On First "restart" you must go to BIOS again and change boot priority order: HDD as the first boot option and then press F10 key to save the configurations and exit.


BIOS boot orderLarger image

Windows 7 Installation from USB Flash drive finished.

Windows 7 installed

How to Get 1920x1080 Full HD Resolution From Your Laptop

My laptop is an Acer Aspire 4710 which came with Intel 945 chipset and it has Intel GMA 950 as the GPU (Graphics Processing Unit). A few days ago I tried to connect my laptop to a Full HD LCD monitor with 1920x1080 as the optimum resolution.

Max resolution for Intel GMA 950 is 2048x1536 (Intel website), so I think it's okay to connect it to a Full HD monitor, but after connecting it to my Full HD LCD, I'm not able to select 1920x1080 (this resolution is not showing up) in Intel Graphic Control Panel. Apparently Full HD resolution is disabled on some Intel GPU like GMA 950, But everything is ok now, I'am able to use a custom resolution 1919x1080 for my full HD monitor. If you have the same problem as me, please follow these steps to modify the VGA driver for custom resolutions:

Intel Graphic Control Panel

Full HD Resolution using old VGA
Step 1:
Download Monitor Asset Manager (moninfo.exe) here..
http://www.entechtaiwan.com/util/moninfo.shtm

Step 2:
Install MonInfo.....
Connect your LCD monitor...
Install the LCD monitor driver...
Open MonInfo Start > All Programs > MonInfo > MonInfo
Select your Full HD 1080p LCD Display ID....

Monitor Asset Manager


Monitor Asset Manager

Then copy numbers in green... Click here for larger picture...


Step 3:
Open notepad, paste that numbers...
And then replace all commas with spaces...
These numbers are called the DTD, it contains information about monitor's optimum resolution.


DTD Number
DTD Number with spaces
Step 4:
To make sure that you select the correct numbers, download DTD calculator here...
Install it and then open it....

DTD Number on DTD Calculator
Click Reverse Calculation > paste DTD numbers > click Reverse Calculate
Optimum resolution will appear on the top left of the DTD calculator window...
If it's not... You are copy-paste the wrong numbers.

Now, don't close DTD calculator window, just minimize it...


Step 5:
Download latest VGA driver for your laptop here and don't forget to select .zip version of the driver.
extract it and then locate .inf file inside Graphics folder, and double click on it... (Open in notepad)

Vista/7 x86 (32 bit) : igdlh.inf Vista/7 x64 (64 bit) : igdlh64.inf
XP : igxp32.inf
igdlh.inf VGA driver
Step 6:
Search for :


[NonEDIDMode_AddSwSettings] HKR,, TotalDTDCount, %REG_DWORD%, 0 ; This shows number of DTDs to be used. ; 0-->Disable the feature.
;Following keys have 20 bytes (18 byte DTD + 2 Byte flags).
HKR,, DTD_1,%REG_BINARY%, 01,1D,80,18,71,1C,16,20,58,2C,1A,00,00,00,00,00,00,86,37,01 ;1920x1080@60...Interlaced
HKR,, DTD_2, %REG_BINARY%, 01,1D,80,D0,72,1C,16,20,10,2C,1A,80,00,00,00,00,00,86,37, 01 ;1920x1080@50...Interlaced
HKR,, DTD_3,%REG_BINARY%, 01,1D,00,BC,52,D0,1E,20,B8,28,25,40,00,00,00,00,00,04,37, 01 ;1280x720@50....Non-interlaced
HKR,, DTD_4, %REG_BINARY%, 01,1D,00,72,51,D0,1E,20,6E,28,25,00,00,00,00,00,00,06,37,01 ;1280x720@60....Non-interlaced
HKR,, DTD_5,%REG_BINARY%, 00, 00, 00 ,00, 00, 00,00, 00, 00,00, 00, 00,00, 00, 00,00, 00, 00,00, 00 ;Fifth DTD

igdlh.inf VGA driver


Step 7:
Open (maximize the window of) DTD calculator...

dtd calculator

Open Notepad
Copy-paste DTD into Notepad.....
And then replace all spaces with commas
And then minimize DTD calculator window...
(We will need it later)


DTD number with spaces
arrow
DTD number with commas
Step 8:
Replace the numbers in green with DTD with commas from step 7


Larger image click here

The result :
(I change ;1920x1080@60...Interlaced to ;1920x1080@60...Non-Interlaced
This is optional, it's just a "comment")

Press Ctrl+S to save the changes....


Larger image click here



Step 9:

To be continued..... ;)
I have to go now...
I will continue this tutorial as soon as possible



On some laptops/notebooks 1920x1080p is disabled in the BIOS...
In this case we need to add more custom resolution.. For example: 1919x1080

Open (maximize) DTD Calculator window....
Click Calculation tab

DTD CalculatorLarger image, click here


Change H Active Pixels value to 1919
and H End of Blanking Interval value to 2201
(Since we've subtracted 1 pixel, we need to add 1 pixel to the horizontal blanking interval - CMIIW)


DTD CalculatorLarger image, click here

It will automatically change the Calculated DTD value...


Step 10: 
Copy Calculated DTD value to notepad....
And replace all spaces with commas

 DTD numbers with spaces
DTD numbers with commas
Step 11:
Back to *.inf file.....
Replace the numbers in yellow with numbers from step 10



DTD numbers in VGA driverLarger image, click here




DTD numbers in VGA driverLarger image, click here


(I change ;1920x1080@50...Interlaced to ;1919x1080@59,9...Non-Interlaced
This is optional, it's just a "comment")

Step 12:
Then.. At

HKR,, TotalDTDCount, %REG_DWORD%, 0

Change it to 5

HKR,, TotalDTDCount, %REG_DWORD%, 5


Larger image, click here
Large image, click here



Press Ctrl+S to save the changes....
And custom Intel VGA driver is ready....

You can close DTD calculator, MonInfo, Notepad,.. etc..

Step 12:
Open control panel....
Uninstall original Intel Graphics Accelerator Driver
restart your laptop.....

And then install our custom Intel Graphics Accelerator Driver using Setup.exe
Sometimes I have to install Intel VGA custom driver twice... I don't know why...
Restart your laptop....

UPDATE (10/17/2013): For Windows 8 user: Uninstall the original Intel VGA driver > Restart your laptop >  Press F8 during boot to open Windows 8's startup settings > Select Disable driver signature enforcement > Install the custom Intel VGA driver > Restart > Just like in Windows 7, sometimes you have to install the custom VGA driver twice, so go to startup settings (press F8 during boot) > Install the custom Intel VGA driver > Restart your computer > Done! :)


Step 13:
Connect your Full HD 1080p LCD screen....
And then open Intel VGA Control Panel

Custom resolution on Intel Graphic Control Panel
If 1920x1080 available.. Congratulations! your laptop/computer BIOS supports 1920x1080..
but if not, you may select 1919x1080 as alternative screen resolution for your 1080p LCD screen...

After 1919x1080 resolution applied, go to your LCD screen setup and change the phase setting...


Change phase setting lcd monitor

Or use the auto adjustment feature...

LCD monitor auto adjustment
Believe me.. there's no difference between 1919x1080 and 1920x1080... After an auto adjustment....

Notes:
you can use this tutorial to add custom resolutions for laptop/PC with Intel Chipset G35, G33, G31, G965, GM965, 945G, 945GM, 915G, 915GM
Thanks to Archibael :)

How to Install Windows XP - Part 2 - Step-by-Step Guide

I will continue to explain in very detailed steps about how to install Windows XP. This post is the second part of step by step guide to install Windows XP. You can read the previous part here: http://www.komku.org/2009/10/how-to-install-windows-xp-part-1-step.html


Step 15:
Press ENTER > select "Select the partition using the NTFS file system (Quick)" > and then press ENTER


Windows XP Setup

Windows XP Setup

Step 16: 
Setup is formatting....
Please wait....

Windows XP Setup
Step 17:
Setup is copying files...
Please wait...

Step 18:
Your computer will reboot in ** seconds....
Please wait or press ENTER

Step 19:
Do not press any key....

Step 20:
Please wait....

Step 21:
Regional and Language Options allow you to change the way numbers, dates, currencies and the time displayed. You can also add support for additional languages, and change your location setting.
The Standard and Formats setting is set to English (United States), and the locations is set to United States.
To change these settings, click Customize
Text Input Languages allow you to enter text in many different languages, using a variety of input methods and devices. Your default text input language and method is : US keyboard layout
To view or change your current configurations, click Details, and then click Next


Step 22:
Type your full name and the name of your company or organization and then click Next

step2

Step 23:
The 25-character Product Key appears on the yellow sticker on the back of your CD folder.
Type the product key > click Next

Windows XP Key
Step 24:
Setup has suggested a name for your computer. If your computer is on a network, your network administrator can tell you what name to use.
Type name for your computer > on Administrator password, just leave it blank > click Next

Step 25:
Choose whether to use typical or custom settings: Typical settings Creates network connections using Client for Microsoft Networks, File and Print Sharing for Microsoft, QoS Packet Scheduler, and the TCP/IP transport protocol with automatic addressing. Custom settings Allows you to manually configure networking components.
Now select "Typical settings" > click Next

Step 26:
Do you want this computer to be a member of a domain? (You may need to obtain this information from your network administrator.)

For now select "No, this computer is not on a network, or is on a network without a domain. Make this computer a member of the following workgroup: "


Type workgroup name > click Next

Step 27:
Please wait.... You do not need to do anything. Your computer will reboot...


And done.....



step27